Wednesday, January 31, 2007
Neural Crest Stem Cells
Recently, the stem cell-like neural crest cells have been isolated from adult tissues. Scientists have isolated neural crest stem cell from adult intestine, which can differentiate into neurons, glia, and myofibroblasts in culture; and people also showed the existence of crest stem cells in the adult hair follicle. These neural crest stem cells from adult hair follicle have the capabilities to give rise to a wide array of cell types, including neurons, Schwann cells, smooth muscle cells, chondrocytes, melanocytes. Considering the ethnic concerns of human embryonic stem cells, the persistence of neural crest stem cells in adults opens up new possibilities for regenerative medicine after injury or disease.
Source: Kruger, G. M et al. Neuron (2002) and Sieber-Blum, M et al. Dev. Dyn (2004)
Thursday, January 25, 2007
New York Stem Cell Foundation
Unfortunately, sometimes, it is true that Federal requirements substantially inhibit research! NYSCF is a great example that private foundations can further important basic and applied research.
Don't miss it! NYSCF provides travel fellowships for young investigators attend the annual ISSCR meeting and also offers three-Year Post-Doctoral Fellowships. Good news is foreigh applicants are eligible to apply the Post-Doctoral Fellowships but you need to work in New York State. Not bad at all if you are a city-guy!
Tuesday, January 23, 2007
Journals for Stem Cell Research
- Stem Cells impact factor (2005) 6.094
- Stem Cells and Development impact factor (2005) 2.29
- Cell Stem Cell The twelfth Cell Press journal, Cell Stem Cell, will be launched in July 2007 and will be the official affiliated journal of the International Society for Stem Cell Research (ISSCR). They are currently recruiting for a scientific editor and a reviews editor for Cell Stem Cell and accepting submissions.
Societies for Stem Cell Research
- International Society for Stem Cell Research: This site has a lot information: news, annual meeting, stem cell literature, funding resources, et al. Another nice thing is it offers a Job Bank, which provides a platform for both employers and employees. For job seekers, you can post your resume, even a anonymous resume there. Quite a few exciting employment opportunities! Not just from academy, but also from established and start-up founded companies.
- Stem Cell Research Foundation: This foundation was founded just a few years ago. It supports innovative stem cell research to help find treatments for a wide range of diseases. Generally the grant is up to $50000/year for up to two years. It seems its financial situation limits the number of grants it can support. If you are enthusiastic supporters for stem cell research, SCRF would be your good choice. Your donations are tax-deductible.
Thursday, January 18, 2007
Funding Resources for Stem Cell Research in US
- NIH On August 9th, 2001, President George W. Bush announced that federal funds may be awarded for research using human embryonic stem cells, but scientists must use the stem cell lines listed on the NIH Human Embryonic Stem Cell Registry.
- State funding for stem cell research:
- California voters approved state funding for stem cell research on Nov. 2, 2004, which will provide $3 billion for 10 years. California Institute for Regenerative Medicine was established as a state agency to distribute the funds. However, legal issues may take months to be solved before the major grants can be released.
- New Jersey began to award public funds for stem cell research since 2005. The state allocated $150 million to build a stem cell research center-Stem Cell Institute of New Jersey, and will invest another $230 million toward stem cell research.
- Massachusetts passed a law to support stem cell research, but without providing funding.
- Connecticut will pour $100 million over 10 years into the stem cell research.
- Illinois Gov. Rod Blagojevich provided $10 million for stem cell research in July 2005 and established the Illinois Regenerative Medicine Institute.
Saturday, January 13, 2007
Stem Cells Ph.D. and Postdoc Training Programs in US
- Stem Cell Training Program at the University of Wisconsin - Madison Birthplace of stem cell research, University of Wisconsin researcher Jamie Thomson first isolated embryonic stem cells in 1998. Well established graduate and postdoc training prgrams!
- Harvard Stem Cell Institute This site includes information for graduate, MD-PhD programs and advertised post-doc positions.
- The Stanford Institute for Stem Cell Biology and Regenerative Medicine They provide training grants for pre- and postdoctoral candidates, and clinical research fellows after their MD.
- The Sue and Bill Gross Stem Cell Research Center at UCI The bottom has the links for stem cell graduate program and postdoc positions.
- Center for Stem Cell Biology at University of Michigan Few, but very good researches over there! Worth looking through if you want to find a stem cell lab to join. Seven new faculty will be recuited within next few years.
- University of Minnesota Stem Cell Institute Short term training programs available periodically.
- Human Embryonic Stem Cell Research Center at UCSF
- The UCSC Training Program in Systems Biology of Stem Cells Postdoc scholar: a stipend of $51,000 per year and a research allowance of $10,000 per year ; predoctoral scholars: $25,000 per year plus a $5000 research allowance per year. Good deal indeed!
- Stem Cell Training Program at Childrens Hospital Los Angeles PhD and MD post-doctoral Stem Cell Scholars for training in stem cell research, biology and ethics.
- Yale Stem Cell Program Haifan Lin (This links to Lin's interview, some very interesting thoughts), a professor from Duke, has been appointed director effective September 1, 2006. No form program website has been launched so far.
- Duke Stem Cell Research Program
Thursday, January 11, 2007
Stem Cell Basics II
Embryonic stem cells are capable of unlimited self renewal without difficulties to maintain their stem cell state. So they provide a great potential for transplantation therapies of a wide range of degenerative diseases. The derivation of first human stem cell line was reported in 1998, when a group led by Dr. James Thompson at the
Monday, January 8, 2007
Stem Cell Basics
Stem cells have the remarkable potential to develop into many different cell types in the body. For instance, to generate specific tissues or even whole organs like the blood, heart, or bones.
In terms of their capabilities of generating different types of cells, stem cells can be classified as three types:
Totipotent stem cells: a fertilized egg considered totipotent, can give rise to all the different types of cells in the body;
Multipotent stem cells: give rise to a small number of different cell types;
Pluripotent stem cells: isolate from a few days old human embryos, give rise to any type of cells in the body except those needed to develop a fetus.
Stem cells also can be classified as embryonic or adult, depending on their tissue of origin. Generally the adult stem cells are tissue specific, multipotent and rarely divide. However, in certain situations, such as during tissue repair after injury, they divide more frequently and adopt the fates of cell types needed. Certain kinds of adult stem cells seem to have the ability to differentiate into a number of different cell types, given the right conditions. If this differentiation of adult stem cells can be controlled in the laboratory, these cells may become the basis of therapies for many serious common diseases.
The major question here is scientists need to find a way to reliably direct the differentiation of stem cells into desired cell types, then they may be able to use the resulting differentiated cells to treat certain diseases. Diseases that might be treated include Parkinson's disease, diabetes, traumatic spinal cord injury, Purkinje cell degeneration, Duchenne's muscular dystrophy, heart disease, and vision and hearing loss.
Sunday, January 7, 2007
What's Next? Stem Cells!
Thursday, January 4, 2007
Ph.D. student and Post-doc opportunities in plants
Plant-Made Pharmaceuticals (PMPs)
Plant-Made Pharmaceuticals (PMPs) is a category of therapeutic agents (pharmaceutical proteins) produced in live plants. Crops such as corn, tobacco, rice and soy are genetically altered to yield proteins with purity and activity equivalent to those produced by other manufacturing systems, with advantages that include large volume production capacity, reduced capital requirements, and freedom from potential viral and animal protein contamination.
Ph.D. student and Post-doc opportunities in zebrafish community
The Emerging Importance of the Zebrafish as a Disease Model
Animal models of disease
Biologists: Get with the program!
2006-2007 NIH Pre- and Post-doctoral Trainee Stipends
Monday, January 1, 2007
M.D.-Ph.D. Programs in the United States
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